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Auteur Petr Pyšek
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A global assessment of invasive plant impacts on resident species, communities and ecosystems : the interaction of impact measures, invading species traits and environment / Petr Pyšek in Global Change Biology, 18 (2012)
Titre : A global assessment of invasive plant impacts on resident species, communities and ecosystems : the interaction of impact measures, invading species traits and environment Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Petr Pyšek ; Vojtěch Jarošík (1958-2013) ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Martin Hejda ; Urs Schaffner ; Montserrat Vilà Année de publication : 2012 Article en page(s) : 1725-1737 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : With the growing body of literature assessing the impact of invasive alien plants on resident species and ecosystems, a comprehensive assessment of the relationship between invasive species traits and environmental settings of invasion on the characteristics of impacts is needed. Based on 287 publications with 1551 individual cases that addressed the impact of 167 invasive plant species belonging to 49 families, we present the first global overview of frequencies of significant and non-significant ecological impacts and their directions on 15 outcomes related to the responses of resident populations, species, communities and ecosystems. Species and community outcomes tend to decline following invasions, especially those for plants, but the abundance and richness of the soil biota, as well as concentrations of soil nutrients and water, more often increase than decrease following invasion. Data mining tools revealed that invasive plants exert consistent significant impacts on some outcomes (survival of resident biota, activity of resident animals, resident community productivity, mineral and nutrient content in plant tissues, and fire frequency and intensity), whereas for outcomes at the community level, such as species richness, diversity and soil resources, the significance of impacts is determined by interactions between species traits and the biome invaded. The latter outcomes are most likely to be impacted by annual grasses, and by wind pollinated trees invading mediterranean or tropical biomes. One of the clearest signals in this analysis is that invasive plants are far more likely to cause significant impacts on resident plant and animal richness on islands rather than mainland. This study shows that there is no universal measure of impact and the pattern observed depends on the ecological measure examined. Although impact is strongly context dependent, some species traits, especially life form, stature and pollination syndrome, may provide a means to predict impact, regardless of the particular habitat and geographical region invaded Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02636.x
in Global Change Biology > 18 (2012) . - 1725-1737Pyšek, P., Jarošík, V., Hulme, P.E., Pergl, J., Hejda, M., Schaffner, U., Vilà, M., 2012 - A global assessment of invasive plant impacts on resident species, communities and ecosystems : the interaction of impact measures, invading species traits and environment ; Global Change Biology, 18 : 1725-1737.
Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts / Giuseppe Brundu in Neobiota, 61 (2020)
Titre : Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Giuseppe Brundu ; Aníbal Pauchard ; Petr Pyšek ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Anja M. Bindewald ; Antonio Brunori ; Susan Canavan ; Thomas Campagnaro ; Laura Celesti-Grapow ; Michele de Sá Dechoum ; Jean-Marc Dufour-Dror ; Franz Essl (1973-) ; Luke S. Flory ; Piero Genovesi (1960-) ; Francesco Guarino ; Liu Guangzhe ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Heinke Jäger ; Christopher J. Kettle ; Frank Krumm ; Bárbara Langdon ; Katharina Lapin ; Vanessa Lozano ; Johannes J. Le Roux ; Ana Novoa ; Martin A. Nuñez ; Annabel J. Porté ; Joaquim S. Silva ; Urs Schaffner ; Tommaso Sitzia ; Rob Tanner ; Ntakadzeni Tshidada ; Michaela Vitkova ; Marjana Westergren ; John R.U. Wilson ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) Année de publication : 2020 Article en page(s) : 65-116 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : Sustainably managed non-native trees deliver economic and societal benefits with limited risk of spread to adjoining areas. However, some plantations have launched invasions that cause substantial damage to biodiversity and ecosystem services, while others pose substantial threats of causing such impacts. The challenge is to maximise the benefits of non-native trees, while minimising negative impacts and preserving future benefits and options. A workshop was held in 2019 to develop global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees, using the Council of Europe – Bern Convention Code of Conduct on Invasive Alien Trees as a starting point. The global guidelines consist of eight recommendations: 1) Use native trees, or non-invasive nonnative trees, in preference to invasive non-native trees; 2) Be aware of and comply with international, national, and regional regulations concerning non-native trees; 3) Be aware of the risk of invasion and consider global change trends; 4) Design and adopt tailored practices for plantation site selection and silvicultural management; 5) Promote and implement early detection and rapid response programmes; 6) Design and adopt tailored practices for invasive non-native tree control, habitat restoration, and for dealing with highly modified ecosystems; 7) Engage with stakeholders on the risks posed by invasive nonnative trees, the impacts caused, and the options for management; and 8) Develop and support global networks, collaborative research, and information sharing on native and non-native trees. The global guidelines are a first step towards building global consensus on the precautions that should be taken when introducing and planting non-native trees. They are voluntary and are intended to complement statutory requirements under international and national legislation. The application of the global guidelines and the achievement of their goals will help to conserve forest biodiversity, ensure sustainable forestry, and contribute to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations linked with forest biodiversity. Identifiant pérenne : HAL : hal-03162697
in Neobiota > 61 (2020) . - 65-116Brundu, G., Pauchard, A., Pyšek, P., Pergl, J., Bindewald, A.M., Brunori, A., Canavan, S., Campagnaro, T., Celesti-Grapow, L., Sá Dechoum, M.d., Dufour-Dror, J.M., Essl, F., Flory, L.S., Genovesi, P., Guarino, F., Guangzhe, L., Hulme, P.E., Jäger, H., Kettle, C.J., Krumm, F., Langdon, B., Lapin, K., Lozano, V., Le Roux, J.J., Novoa, A., Nuñez, M.A., Porté, A.J., Silva, J.S., Schaffner, U., Sitzia, T., Tanner, R., Tshidada, N., Vitkova, M., Westergren, M., Wilson, J.R.U., Richardson, D.M., 2020 - Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts ; Neobiota, 61 : 65-116.
Glossary of the main technical terms used in the handbook / Petr Pyšek (2009)
Titre : Glossary of the main technical terms used in the handbook Type de document : Tiré à part d'ouvrage Auteurs : Petr Pyšek ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Wolfgang Nentwig (1953-) Année de publication : 2009 Importance : 375-379 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : Throughout the Handbook a variety of terms have been used to describe the origin and status of alien species, their residency, the invasibility of ecosystems and the pathways of introduction. We have attempted to use these terms consistently in the Handbook and provide a glossary of definitions. The meaning of these technical terms is based on previously published terminology and reflects how particular categories were understood during the production of the Handbook. It should be made clear that we do not propose a new set of definitions; rather we hope to achieve a broad consensus among different subdisciplines of invasion biologists. Further details of terminology, including additional terms, can be found in the reference list at the end of the glossary. Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4020-8280-1_14Pyšek, P., Hulme, P.E., Nentwig, W., 2009 - Glossary of the main technical terms used in the handbook ; Handbook of alien species in Europe, 2009, 375-379.
Code-barres Cote Support Localisation Section Disponibilité 23991C PEE Extrait Bureaux PEE ConsultableGrasping at the routes of biological invasions : a framework for integrating pathways into policy / Philip Eric Hulme in Journal of applied ecology, 45 ([01/01/2008])
Titre : Grasping at the routes of biological invasions : a framework for integrating pathways into policy Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Philip Eric Hulme ; Rémy Bacher ; Marc Kenis ; Stefan Klotz ; Ingolf Kühn ; Dan Minchin ; Wolfgang Nentwig (1953-) ; Sergej Olenin ; V. Panov ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Petr Pyšek ; Alain Roques (1951-) ; D. Sol ; Wojciech Solarz ; Montserrat Vilà Année de publication : 2008 Article en page(s) : 403-414 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : 1. Pathways describe the processes that result in the introduction of alien species from one location to another. A framework is proposed to facilitate the comparative analysis of invasion pathways by a wide range of taxa in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Comparisons with a range of data helped identify existing gaps in current knowledge of pathways and highlight the limitations of existing legislation to manage introductions of alien species. The scheme aims for universality but uses the European Union as a case study for the regulatory perspectives.
2. Alien species may arrive and enter a new region through three broad mechanisms: importation of a commodity, arrival of a transport vector, and/or natural spread from a neighbouring region where the species is itself alien. These three mechanisms result in six principal pathways: release, escape, contaminant, stowaway, corridor and unaided.
3. Alien species transported as commodities may be introduced as a deliberate release or as an escape from captivity. Many species are not intentionally transported but arrive as a contaminant of a commodity, for example pathogens and pests. Stowaways are directly associated with human transport but arrive independently of a specific commodity, for example organisms transported in ballast water, cargo and airfreight. The corridor pathway highlights the role transport infrastructures
play in the introduction of alien species. The unaided pathway describes situations where natural spread results in alien species arriving into a new region from a donor region where it is also alien.
4. Vertebrate pathways tend to be characterized as deliberate releases, invertebrates as contaminants and plants as escapes. Pathogenic micro-organisms and fungi are generally introduced as contaminants of their hosts. The corridor and unaided pathways are often ignored in pathway assessments but warrant further detailed consideration.
5. Synthesis and applications. Intentional releases and escapes should be straightforward to monitor and regulate but, in practice, developing legislation has proved difficult. New introductions continue to occur through contaminant, stowaway, corridor and unaided pathways. These pathways represent special challenges for management and legislation. The present framework should enable these trends to be monitored more clearly and hopefully lead to the development of appropriate regulations or codes of practice to stem the number of future introductions.
Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01442.x
in Journal of applied ecology > 45 [01/01/2008] . - 403-414Hulme, P.E., Bacher, R., Kenis, M., Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Minchin, D., Nentwig, W., Olenin, S., Panov, V., Pergl, J., Pyšek, P., Roques, A., Sol, D., Solarz, W., Vilà, M., 2008 - Grasping at the routes of biological invasions : a framework for integrating pathways into policy ; Journal of applied ecology, 45 : 403-414.
How well do we understand the impacts of alien species on ecosystem services ? A pan-European, cross-taxa assessment / Montserrat Vilà (2009)
contenu dans - 2009 (Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment)
Titre : How well do we understand the impacts of alien species on ecosystem services ? A pan-European, cross-taxa assessment Type de document : Tiré à part de revue Auteurs : Montserrat Vilà ; Corina Basnou ; Petr Pyšek ; Mélanie Josefsson ; Piero Genovesi (1960-) ; Stephan Gollasch ; Wolfgang Nentwig (1953-) ; Sergej Olenin ; Alain Roques (1951-) ; David Roy ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Daisie Partners Année de publication : 2009 Importance : 15 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : Recent comprehensive data provided through the DAISIE project (www.europe-aliens.org) have facilitated the development of the first pan-European assessment of the impacts of alien plants, vertebrates, and invertebrates – in terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environments – on ecosystem services. There are 1094 species with documented ecological impacts and 1347 with economic impacts. The two taxonomic groups with the most species causing impacts are terrestrial invertebrates and terrestrial plants. The North Sea is the maritime region that suffers the most impacts. Across taxa and regions, ecological and economic impacts are highly correlated. Terrestrial invertebrates create greater economic impacts than ecological impacts, while the reverse is true for terrestrial plants. Alien species from all taxonomic groups affect “supporting”, “provisioning”, “regulating”, and “cultural” services and interfere with human well-being. Terrestrial vertebrates are responsible for the greatest range of impacts, and these are widely distributed across Europe. Here, we present a review of the financial costs, as the first step toward calculating an estimate of the economic consequences of alien species in Europe. Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1890/080083Vilà, M., Basnou, C., Pyšek, P., Josefsson, M., Genovesi, P., Gollasch, S., Nentwig, W., Olenin, S., Roques, A., Roy, D., Hulme, P.E., Daisie Partners, 2009 - How well do we understand the impacts of alien species on ecosystem services ? A pan-European, cross-taxa assessment ; Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment : 15 p..
Code-barres Cote Support Localisation Section Disponibilité 25256C PEE Tiré à part Bureaux PEE Consultable
Impacts of biological invasions : what's what and the way forward / Daniel Simberloff (2014)PermalinkInvasions by alien plants in the Czech Republic : a quantitative assessment across habitats / Milan Chytrý in Preslia, 77 (2005)PermalinkInvasive species of Heracleum in Europe : an insight into genetic relationships and invasion history / Sarka Jahodova in Diversity and Distributions, 13 (2007)PermalinkMaps of the level of invasion of the Czech Republic by alien plants / Milan Chytrý in Preslia, 81 (2009)PermalinkNaturalization and invasion of alien plants : concepts and definitions / David Mark Richardson (2000)PermalinkNaturalized alien flora of the world: species diversity, taxonomic and phylogenetic patterns, geographic distribution and global hotspots of plant invasion / Petr Pyšek in Preslia, 89 (2017)PermalinkNaturalized plants have smaller genomes than their non-invading relatives: a flow cytometric analysis of the Czech alien flora / M Kubešová in Preslia, 82 (2010)PermalinkNeonatives and translocated species: different terms are needed for different species categories in conservation policies / Franz Essl in Neobiota, 68 (2021)PermalinkNo saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide / Hanno Seebens in Nature communications, 8 (2017)PermalinkOenothera coronifera, a new alien species for the Czech flora, and Oenothera stricta, recorded again after nearly two centuries / Stanislav Mihulka in Preslia, 75 (2003)Permalink