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Auteur Philip Eric Hulme
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Alien flora of Europe : species diversity, temporal trends, geographical patterns and research needs / Philip W. Lambdon (2008)
est un tiré à part de 80 - 2008 (Preslia)
Titre : Alien flora of Europe : species diversity, temporal trends, geographical patterns and research needs Type de document : Tiré à part de revue Auteurs : Philip W. Lambdon ; Petr Pyšek ; Corina Basnou ; Martin Hejda ; Margarita Arianoutsou ; Franz Essl (1973-) ; Vojtěch Jarošík (1958-2013) ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Marten Winter ; Paulina Anastasiu ; Pavlos Andriopoulos ; Ioannis Bazos ; Giuseppe Brundu ; Laura Celesti-Grapow ; Philippe Chassot ; Pinelopi Delipetrou ; Mélanie Josefsson ; Salit Kark ; Stefan Klotz ; Yannis Kokkoris ; Ingolf Kühn ; Andreas Zikos ; David Roy ; Philip Eric Hulme Année de publication : 2008 Importance : 101–149 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : The paper provides the first estimate of the composition and structure of alien plants occurring in the wild in the European continent, based on the results of the DAISIE project (2004–2008), funded by the 6th Framework Programme of the European Union and aimed at “creating an inventory of invasive species that threaten European terrestrial, freshwater and marine environments”. The plant section of the DAISIE database is based on national checklists from 48 European countries/regions and Israel; for many of them the data were compiled during the project and for some countries DAISIE collected the first comprehensive checklists of alien species, based on primary data (e.g., Cyprus, Greece, F. Y. R. O. Macedonia, Slovenia, Ukraine). In total, the database contains records of 5789 alien plant species in Europe (including those native to a part of Europe but alien to another part), of which 2843 are alien to Europe (of extra-European origin). The research focus was on naturalized species; there are in total 3749 naturalized aliens in Europe, of which 1780 are alien to Europe. This represents a marked increase compared to 1568 alien species reported by a previous analysis of data in Flora Europaea (1964–1980). Casual aliens were marginally considered and are represented by 1507 species with European origins and 872 species whose native range falls outside Europe. The highest diversity of alien species is concentrated in industrialized countries with a tradition of good botanical recording or intensive recent research. The highest number of all alien species, regardless of status, is reported from Belgium (1969), the United Kingdom (1779) and Czech Republic (1378). The United Kingdom (857), Germany (450), Belgium (447) and Italy (440) are countries with the most naturalized neophytes. The number of naturalized neophytes in European countries is determined mainly by the interaction of temperature and precipitation; it increases with increasing precipitation but only in climatically warm and moderatelywarm regions. Of the nowadays naturalized neophytes alien to Europe, 50% arrived after 1899, 25% after 1962 and 10% after 1989. At present, approximately 6.2 new species, that are capable of naturalization, are arriving each year. Most alien species have relatively restricted European distributions; half of all naturalized species occur in four or fewer countries/regions, whereas 70% of non-naturalized species occur in only one region. Alien species are drawn from 213 families, dominated by large global plant families which have a weedy tendency and have undergone major radiations in temperate regions (Asteraceae, Poaceae, Rosaceae, Fabaceae, Brassicaceae). There are 1567 genera, which have alien members in European countries, the commonest being globally-diverse genera comprising mainly urban and agricultural weeds (e.g., Amaranthus, Chenopodium and Solanum) or cultivated for ornamental purposes (Cotoneaster, the genus richest in alien species). Only a few large genera which have successfully invaded (e.g., Oenothera, Oxalis, Panicum, Helianthus) are predominantly of non-European origin. Conyza canadensis, Helianthus tuberosus and Robinia pseudoacacia are most widely distributed alien species. Of all naturalized aliens present in Europe, 64.1% occur in industrial habitats and 58.5% on arable land and in parks and gardens. Grasslands and woodlands are also highly invaded, with 37.4 and 31.5%, respectively, of all naturalized aliens in Europe present in these habitats. Mires, bogs and fens are least invaded; only approximately 10% of aliens in Europe occur there. Intentional introductions to Europe (62.8% of the total number of naturalized aliens) prevail over unintentional (37.2%). Ornamental and horticultural introductions escaped from cultivation account for the highest number of species, 52.2% of the total. Among unintentional introductions, contaminants of seed, mineral materials and other commodities are responsible for 1091 alien species introductions to Europe (76.6% of all species introduced unintentionally) and 363 species are assumed to have arrived as stowaways (directly associated with human transport but arriving independently of commodity). Most aliens in Europe have a native range in the same continent (28.6% of all donor region records are from another part of Europe where the plant is native); in terms of species numbers the contribution of Europe as a region of origin is 53.2%. Considering aliens to Europe separately, 45.8% of species have their native distribution in North and South America, 45.9% in Asia, 20.7% in Africa and 5.3% in Australasia. Based on species composition, European alien flora can be classified into five major groups: (1) north-western, comprising Scandinavia and the UK; (2) west-central, extending from Belgium and the Netherlands to Germany and Switzerland; (3) Baltic, including only the former Soviet Baltic states; (4) east-central, comprizing the remainder of central and eastern Europe; (5) southern, covering the entire Mediterranean region. The clustering patterns cut across some European bioclimatic zones; cultural factors such as regional trade links and traditional local preferences for crop, forestry and ornamental species are also important by influencing the introduced species pool. Finally, the paper evaluates a state of the art in the field of plant invasions in Europe, points to research gaps and outlines avenues of further research towards documenting alien plant invasions in Europe. The data are of varying quality and need to be further assessed with respect to the invasion status and residence time of the species included. This concerns especially the naturalized/casual status; so far, this information is available comprehensively for only 19 countries/regions of the 49 considered. Collating an integrated database on the alien flora of Europe can form a principal contribution to developing a European-wide management strategy of alien species. Identifiant pérenne : HAL : hal-02666016 / Handle : 10261/61126Lambdon, P.W., Pyšek, P., Basnou, C., Hejda, M., Arianoutsou, M., Essl, F., Jarošík, V., Pergl, J., Winter, M., Anastasiu, P., Andriopoulos, P., Bazos, I., Brundu, G., Celesti-Grapow, L., Chassot, P., Delipetrou, P., Josefsson, M., Kark, S., Klotz, S., Kokkoris, Y., Kühn, I., Zikos, A., Roy, D., Hulme, P.E., 2008 - Alien flora of Europe : species diversity, temporal trends, geographical patterns and research needs ; Preslia, 80 : 101–149.
Code-barres Cote Support Localisation Section Disponibilité 23955A Lambdon P. Tiré à part Bureaux PEE Consultable
Beyond control : wider implications for the management of biological invasions / Philip Eric Hulme in Journal of applied ecology, 43 (2006)
Titre : Beyond control : wider implications for the management of biological invasions Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Philip Eric Hulme Année de publication : 2006 Article en page(s) : 835–847 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01227.x
in Journal of applied ecology > 43 (2006) . - 835–847Hulme, P.E., 2006 - Beyond control : wider implications for the management of biological invasions ; Journal of applied ecology, 43 : 835–847.
Article (2006)Adobe Acrobat PDF
A Conceptual Framework for Range-Expanding Species that Track Human-Induced Environmental Change / Franz Essl in BioScience, 69 (11) (2019)
Titre : A Conceptual Framework for Range-Expanding Species that Track Human-Induced Environmental Change Type de document : Imprimé Auteurs : Franz Essl (1973-) ; Stefan Dullinger ; Piero Genovesi (1960-) ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Jonathan M. Jeschke ; Stelios Katsanevakis ; Ingolf Kühn ; Bernd Lenzner ; Aníbal Pauchard ; Petr Pyšek ; Wolfgang Rabitsch (1968-) ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) ; Hanno Seebens ; Mark van Kleunen (1973-) ; Wim H. Van der Putten ; Montserrat Vilà ; Sven Bacher Année de publication : 2019 Article en page(s) : 908-919 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes
[Thématique] Changement climatique
Résumé : For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur without, or with less clear, involvement of human-induced environmental changes. We elucidate the salient features of the rapid increase in the number of species whose range dynamics are human induced, and review the relationships and differences to both natural range expansion and biological invasions. We discuss the consequences for science, policy and management in an era of rapid global change and highlight four key challenges relating to basic gaps in knowledge, and the transfer of scientific understanding to biodiversity management and policy. We conclude that range-expanding species responding to human-induced environmental change will become an essential feature for biodiversity management and science in the Anthropocene. Finally, we propose the term neonative for these taxa. Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1093/biosci/biz101
in BioScience > 69 (11) (2019) . - 908-919Essl, F., Dullinger, S., Genovesi, P., Hulme, P.E., Jeschke, J.M., Katsanevakis, S., Kühn, I., Lenzner, B., Pauchard, A., Pyšek, P., Rabitsch, W., Richardson, D.M., Seebens, H., Kleunen, M.v., Van der Putten, W.H., Vilà, M., Bacher, S., 2019 - A Conceptual Framework for Range-Expanding Species that Track Human-Induced Environmental Change ; BioScience, 69 (11) : 908-919.
article (2019)Adobe Acrobat PDF
Article (2019)Adobe Acrobat PDF
Developing a list of invasive alien species likely to threaten biodiversity and ecosystems in the European Union / Helen E Roy (2018)
est un tiré à part de 25 (3) - March 2019 (Global Change Biology)Roy, H.E., Bacher, S., Essl, F., Adriaens, T., Aldridge, D.C., Bishop, J.D.D., Blackburn, T.M., Branquart, É., Brodie, J., Carboneras, C., Cottier-Cook, E.J., Copp, G.H., Dean, H.J., Eilenberg, J., Gallardo, B., Garcia, M., García‐Berthou, E., Genovesi, P., Hulme, P.E., Kenis, M., Kerckhof, F., Kettunen, M., Minchin, D., Nentwig, W., Nieto, A., Pergl, J., Pescott, O.L., Peyton, J.M., Preda, C., Roques, A., Rorke, S.L., Scalera, R., Schindler, S., Schönrogge, K., Sewell, J., Solarz, W., Stewart, A.J., Tricarico, E., Vanderhoeven, S., Van der Velde, G., Vilà, M., Wood, C.A., Zenetos, A., Rabitsch, W., 2018 - Developing a list of invasive alien species likely to threaten biodiversity and ecosystems in the European Union ; Global Change Biology, 25 (3) : 1-17.
Disentangling the role of environmental and human pressures on biological invasions across Europe / Petr Pyšek in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107 (27) (2010)
Titre : Disentangling the role of environmental and human pressures on biological invasions across Europe Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Petr Pyšek ; Vojtěch Jarošík (1958-2013) ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Ingolf Kühn ; Jan Wild ; Margarita Arianoutsou ; Sven Bacher ; François Chiron ; Viktoras Didžiulis ; Franz Essl (1973-) ; Piero Genovesi (1960-) ; Francesca Gherardi ; Martin Hejda ; Salit Kark ; Philip W. Lambdon ; Marie-Laure Deprez-Loustau ; Wolfgang Nentwig (1953-) ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Katja Poboljšaj ; Wolfgang Rabitsch (1968-) ; Alain Roques (1951-) ; David Roy ; Susan Shirley ; Wojciech Solarz ; Montserrat Vilà ; Marten Winter Année de publication : 2010 Article en page(s) : 12157–12162 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : The accelerating rates of international trade, travel, and transport in the latter half of the twentieth century have led to the progressive mixing of biota from across the world and the number of species introduced to new regions continues to increase. The importance of biogeographic, climatic, economic, and demographic factors as drivers of this trend is increasingly being realized but as yet there is no consensus regarding their relative importance. Whereas little may be done to mitigate the effects of geography and climate on invasions, a wider range of options may exist to moderate the impacts of economic and demographic drivers. Here we use the most recent data available from Europe to partition between macroecological, economic, and demographic variables the variation in alien species richness of bryophytes, fungi, vascular plants, terrestrial insects, aquatic invertebrates, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Only national wealth and human population density were statistically significant predictors in the majority of models when analyzed jointly with climate, geography, and land cover. The economic and demographic variables reflect the intensity of human activities and integrate the effect of factors that directly determine the outcome of invasion such as propagule pressure, pathways of introduction, eutrophication, and the intensity of anthropogenic disturbance. The strong influence of economic and demographic variables on the levels of invasion by alien species demonstrates that future solutions to the problem of biological invasions at a national scale lie in mitigating the negative environmental consequences of human activities that generate wealth and by promoting more sustainable population growth. Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1073/pnas.1002314107
in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America > 107 (27) (2010) . - 12157–12162Pyšek, P., Jarošík, V., Hulme, P.E., Kühn, I., Wild, J., Arianoutsou, M., Bacher, S., Chiron, F., Didžiulis, V., Essl, F., Genovesi, P., Gherardi, F., Hejda, M., Kark, S., Lambdon, P.W., Deprez-Loustau, M.L., Nentwig, W., Pergl, J., Poboljšaj, K., Rabitsch, W., Roques, A., Roy, D., Shirley, S., Solarz, W., Vilà, M., Winter, M., 2010 - Disentangling the role of environmental and human pressures on biological invasions across Europe ; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107 (27) : 12157–12162.
A global assessment of invasive plant impacts on resident species, communities and ecosystems : the interaction of impact measures, invading species traits and environment / Petr Pyšek in Global Change Biology, 18 (2012)PermalinkGlobal guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts / Giuseppe Brundu in Neobiota, 61 (2020)PermalinkGlossary of the main technical terms used in the handbook / Petr Pyšek (2009)PermalinkGrasping at the routes of biological invasions : a framework for integrating pathways into policy / Philip Eric Hulme in Journal of applied ecology, 45 ([01/01/2008])PermalinkHow well do we understand the impacts of alien species on ecosystem services ? A pan-European, cross-taxa assessment / Montserrat Vilà (2009)PermalinkImpact of biological invasions on ecosystem services / Montserrat Vilà (2017)PermalinkNo saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide / Hanno Seebens in Nature communications, 8 (2017)PermalinkA pan-European inventory of alien species : rationale, implementation and implications for managing biological invasions / Philip Eric Hulme (2008)PermalinkSocioeconomic legacy yields an invasion debt / Franz Essl in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108 (1) (2011)PermalinkA unified classification of Alien species based on the magnitude of their environmental impacts / Tim M. Blackburn (2014)Permalink