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Auteur John R.U. Wilson
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur (5)
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Does origin determine environmental impacts? Not for bamboos / Susan Caravan in Plants, People, Planet, 1 (2019)
Titre : Does origin determine environmental impacts? Not for bamboos Type de document : Imprimé Auteurs : Susan Caravan ; Sabrina Kumschick ; Johannes J. Le Roux ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) ; John R.U. Wilson Année de publication : 2019 Article en page(s) : 119-128 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Mots-clés : Bambusa vulgaris Résumé : Non-native species can cause considerable negative impacts in natural ecosystems. Such impacts often are directly due to the fact that these species occur in habitats where they did not evolve. We explored this for bamboos and found that, contrary to the situation in many other plant groups, biogeographic origin was not a strong predictor of the type and severity of environmental impacts caused. We argue that impacts from bamboos are a response to land transformation and disturbance of forest habitats by humans. Therefore, the threats posed by bamboos to highly disturbed forest systems should be the same wherever bamboos are present or planted, and management should adopt similar approaches. Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1002/ppp3.5
in Plants, People, Planet > 1 (2019) . - 119-128Caravan, S., Kumschick, S., Le Roux, J.J., Richardson, D.M., Wilson, J.R.U., 2019 - Does origin determine environmental impacts? Not for bamboos ; Plants, People, Planet, 1 : 119-128.
Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts / Giuseppe Brundu in Neobiota, 61 (2020)
Titre : Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Giuseppe Brundu ; Aníbal Pauchard ; Petr Pyšek ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Anja M. Bindewald ; Antonio Brunori ; Susan Canavan ; Thomas Campagnaro ; Laura Celesti-Grapow ; Michele de Sá Dechoum ; Jean-Marc Dufour-Dror ; Franz Essl (1973-) ; Luke S. Flory ; Piero Genovesi (1960-) ; Francesco Guarino ; Liu Guangzhe ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Heinke Jäger ; Christopher J. Kettle ; Frank Krumm ; Bárbara Langdon ; Katharina Lapin ; Vanessa Lozano ; Johannes J. Le Roux ; Ana Novoa ; Martin A. Nuñez ; Annabel J. Porté ; Joaquim S. Silva ; Urs Schaffner ; Tommaso Sitzia ; Rob Tanner ; Ntakadzeni Tshidada ; Michaela Vitkova ; Marjana Westergren ; John R.U. Wilson ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) Année de publication : 2020 Article en page(s) : 65-116 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : Sustainably managed non-native trees deliver economic and societal benefits with limited risk of spread to adjoining areas. However, some plantations have launched invasions that cause substantial damage to biodiversity and ecosystem services, while others pose substantial threats of causing such impacts. The challenge is to maximise the benefits of non-native trees, while minimising negative impacts and preserving future benefits and options. A workshop was held in 2019 to develop global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees, using the Council of Europe – Bern Convention Code of Conduct on Invasive Alien Trees as a starting point. The global guidelines consist of eight recommendations: 1) Use native trees, or non-invasive nonnative trees, in preference to invasive non-native trees; 2) Be aware of and comply with international, national, and regional regulations concerning non-native trees; 3) Be aware of the risk of invasion and consider global change trends; 4) Design and adopt tailored practices for plantation site selection and silvicultural management; 5) Promote and implement early detection and rapid response programmes; 6) Design and adopt tailored practices for invasive non-native tree control, habitat restoration, and for dealing with highly modified ecosystems; 7) Engage with stakeholders on the risks posed by invasive nonnative trees, the impacts caused, and the options for management; and 8) Develop and support global networks, collaborative research, and information sharing on native and non-native trees. The global guidelines are a first step towards building global consensus on the precautions that should be taken when introducing and planting non-native trees. They are voluntary and are intended to complement statutory requirements under international and national legislation. The application of the global guidelines and the achievement of their goals will help to conserve forest biodiversity, ensure sustainable forestry, and contribute to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations linked with forest biodiversity. Identifiant pérenne : HAL : hal-03162697
in Neobiota > 61 (2020) . - 65-116Brundu, G., Pauchard, A., Pyšek, P., Pergl, J., Bindewald, A.M., Brunori, A., Canavan, S., Campagnaro, T., Celesti-Grapow, L., Sá Dechoum, M.d., Dufour-Dror, J.M., Essl, F., Flory, L.S., Genovesi, P., Guarino, F., Guangzhe, L., Hulme, P.E., Jäger, H., Kettle, C.J., Krumm, F., Langdon, B., Lapin, K., Lozano, V., Le Roux, J.J., Novoa, A., Nuñez, M.A., Porté, A.J., Silva, J.S., Schaffner, U., Sitzia, T., Tanner, R., Tshidada, N., Vitkova, M., Westergren, M., Wilson, J.R.U., Richardson, D.M., 2020 - Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts ; Neobiota, 61 : 65-116.
Residence time and potential range : crucial considerations in modelling plant invasions / John R.U. Wilson in Diversity and Distributions, 13 (2007)
Titre : Residence time and potential range : crucial considerations in modelling plant invasions Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : John R.U. Wilson ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) ; Mathieu Rouget ; Serban Proches ; Mao A. Amis ; Lesley Henderson ; Wilfried Thuiller (1975-) Année de publication : 2007 Article en page(s) : 11-22 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Géographique] Afrique du Sud
[Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes
Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1111/j.1366-9516.2006.00302.x
in Diversity and Distributions > 13 (2007) . - 11-22Wilson, J.R.U., Richardson, D.M., Rouget, M., Proches, S., Amis, M.A., Henderson, L., Thuiller, W., 2007 - Residence time and potential range : crucial considerations in modelling plant invasions ; Diversity and Distributions, 13 : 11-22.
The global distribution of bamboos: assessing correlates of introduction and invasion / Susan Caravan in AoB plants, 9 (2017)
Titre : The global distribution of bamboos: assessing correlates of introduction and invasion Type de document : Imprimé Auteurs : Susan Caravan ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) ; Vernon Visser ; Johannes J. Le Roux ; Maria S. Vorontsova ; John R.U. Wilson Année de publication : 2017 Article en page(s) : plw078 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Mots-clés : Bambusa vulgaris Poaceae Résumé : There is a long history of species being moved around the world by humans. These introduced species can provide substantial benefits, but they can also have undesirable consequences. We explore the importance of human activities on the processes of species dissemination and potential invasions using the Poaceae subfamily Bambusoideae (‘bamboos’), a group that contains taxa that are widely utilised and that are often perceived as weedy. We (1) compiled an inventory of bamboo species and their current distributions; (2) determined which species have been introduced and become invasive outside their native ranges; and (3) explored correlates of introduction and invasion. Distribution data were collated from Kew’s GrassBase, the Global Biodiversity Information Facility and other online herbarium information sources. Our list comprised 1662 species in 121 genera, of which 232 (14 %) have been introduced beyond their native ranges. Twelve (0.7 % of species) were found to be invasive. A nonrandom selection of bamboos have been introduced and become invasive. Asiatic species in particular have been widely introduced. There was a clear over-representation of introduced species in the genera Bambusa and Phyllostachys which also contain most of the listed invasive species. The introduction of species also correlated with certain traits: taxa with larger culm dimensions were significantly more likely to have been moved to new areas; and those with many cultivars had a higher rate of dissemination and invasion. It is difficult to determine whether the patterns of introduction and invasion are due simply to differences in propagule pressure, or whether humans have deliberately selected inherently invasive taxa. In general, we suggest that human usage is a stronger driver of introductions and invasions in bamboos than in other taxa that have been well studied. It is likely that as bamboos are used more widely, the number and impact of invasions will increase unless environmental risks are carefully managed. Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1093/aobpla/plw078
in AoB plants > 9 (2017) . - plw078Caravan, S., Richardson, D.M., Visser, V., Le Roux, J.J., Vorontsova, M.S., Wilson, J.R.U., 2017 - The global distribution of bamboos: assessing correlates of introduction and invasion ; AoB plants, 9 : plw078.A unified classification of Alien species based on the magnitude of their environmental impacts / Tim M. Blackburn (2014)
contenu dans 12 (5) - 2014 (PLOS computational biology)
Titre : A unified classification of Alien species based on the magnitude of their environmental impacts Type de document : Tiré à part de revue Auteurs : Tim M. Blackburn ; Franz Essl (1973-) ; Thomas Evans ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Jonathan M. Jeschke ; Ingolf Kühn ; Sabrina Kumschick ; Zuzana Marková ; Agatha Mrugala ; Wolfgang Nentwig (1953-) ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Petr Pyšek ; Wolfgang Rabitsch (1968-) ; Anthony Ricciardi (1965-) ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) ; Agnieszka Sendek ; Montserrat Vilà ; John R.U. Wilson ; Marten Winter ; Piero Genovesi (1960-) ; Sven Bacher Année de publication : 2014 Importance : 11 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : Species moved by human activities beyond the limits of their native geographic ranges into areas in which they do not naturally occur (termed aliens) can cause a broad range of significant changes to recipient ecosystems; however, their impacts vary greatly across species and the ecosystems into which they are introduced. There is therefore a critical need for a standardised method to evaluate, compare, and eventually predict the magnitudes of these different impacts. Here, we propose a straightforward system for classifying alien species according to the magnitude of their environmental impacts, based on the mechanisms of impact used to code species in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Global Invasive Species Database, which are presented here for the first time. The classification system uses five semi-quantitative scenarios describing impacts under each mechanism to assign species to different levels of impact—ranging from Minimal to Massive—with assignment corresponding to the highest level of deleterious impact associated with any of the mechanisms. The scheme also includes categories for species that are Not Evaluated, have No Alien Population, or are Data Deficient, and a method for assigning uncertainty to all the classifications. We show how this classification system is applicable at different levels of ecological complexity and different spatial and temporal scales, and embraces existing impact metrics. In fact, the scheme is analogous to the already widely adopted and accepted Red List approach to categorising extinction risk, and so could conceivably be readily integrated with existing practices and policies in many regions. Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001850Blackburn, T.M., Essl, F., Evans, T., Hulme, P.E., Jeschke, J.M., Kühn, I., Kumschick, S., Marková, Z., Mrugala, A., Nentwig, W., Pergl, J., Pyšek, P., Rabitsch, W., Ricciardi, A., Richardson, D.M., Sendek, A., Vilà, M., Wilson, J.R.U., Winter, M., Genovesi, P., Bacher, S., 2014 - A unified classification of Alien species based on the magnitude of their environmental impacts ; PLOS computational biology, 12 (5) : 11 p..
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