Détail de l'auteur
Auteur Ana Novoa
Documents disponibles écrits par cet auteur (2)
Affiner la recherche
Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts / Giuseppe Brundu in Neobiota, 61 (2020)
Titre : Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Giuseppe Brundu ; Aníbal Pauchard ; Petr Pyšek ; Jan Pergl (1977-) ; Anja M. Bindewald ; Antonio Brunori ; Susan Canavan ; Thomas Campagnaro ; Laura Celesti-Grapow ; Michele de Sá Dechoum ; Jean-Marc Dufour-Dror ; Franz Essl (1973-) ; Luke S. Flory ; Piero Genovesi (1960-) ; Francesco Guarino ; Liu Guangzhe ; Philip Eric Hulme ; Heinke Jäger ; Christopher J. Kettle ; Frank Krumm ; Bárbara Langdon ; Katharina Lapin ; Vanessa Lozano ; Johannes J. Le Roux ; Ana Novoa ; Martin A. Nuñez ; Annabel J. Porté ; Joaquim S. Silva ; Urs Schaffner ; Tommaso Sitzia ; Rob Tanner ; Ntakadzeni Tshidada ; Michaela Vitkova ; Marjana Westergren ; John R.U. Wilson ; David Mark Richardson (1958-) Année de publication : 2020 Article en page(s) : 65-116 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes Résumé : Sustainably managed non-native trees deliver economic and societal benefits with limited risk of spread to adjoining areas. However, some plantations have launched invasions that cause substantial damage to biodiversity and ecosystem services, while others pose substantial threats of causing such impacts. The challenge is to maximise the benefits of non-native trees, while minimising negative impacts and preserving future benefits and options. A workshop was held in 2019 to develop global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees, using the Council of Europe – Bern Convention Code of Conduct on Invasive Alien Trees as a starting point. The global guidelines consist of eight recommendations: 1) Use native trees, or non-invasive nonnative trees, in preference to invasive non-native trees; 2) Be aware of and comply with international, national, and regional regulations concerning non-native trees; 3) Be aware of the risk of invasion and consider global change trends; 4) Design and adopt tailored practices for plantation site selection and silvicultural management; 5) Promote and implement early detection and rapid response programmes; 6) Design and adopt tailored practices for invasive non-native tree control, habitat restoration, and for dealing with highly modified ecosystems; 7) Engage with stakeholders on the risks posed by invasive nonnative trees, the impacts caused, and the options for management; and 8) Develop and support global networks, collaborative research, and information sharing on native and non-native trees. The global guidelines are a first step towards building global consensus on the precautions that should be taken when introducing and planting non-native trees. They are voluntary and are intended to complement statutory requirements under international and national legislation. The application of the global guidelines and the achievement of their goals will help to conserve forest biodiversity, ensure sustainable forestry, and contribute to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations linked with forest biodiversity. Identifiant pérenne : HAL : hal-03162697
in Neobiota > 61 (2020) . - 65-116Brundu, G., Pauchard, A., Pyšek, P., Pergl, J., Bindewald, A.M., Brunori, A., Canavan, S., Campagnaro, T., Celesti-Grapow, L., Sá Dechoum, M.d., Dufour-Dror, J.M., Essl, F., Flory, L.S., Genovesi, P., Guarino, F., Guangzhe, L., Hulme, P.E., Jäger, H., Kettle, C.J., Krumm, F., Langdon, B., Lapin, K., Lozano, V., Le Roux, J.J., Novoa, A., Nuñez, M.A., Porté, A.J., Silva, J.S., Schaffner, U., Sitzia, T., Tanner, R., Tshidada, N., Vitkova, M., Westergren, M., Wilson, J.R.U., Richardson, D.M., 2020 - Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts ; Neobiota, 61 : 65-116.
Monographs of invasive plants in Europe: Carpobrotus / Josefina G. Campoy in Botany Letters, 165 (3-4) (12/2018)
Titre : Monographs of invasive plants in Europe: Carpobrotus Type de document : Imprimé Auteurs : Josefina G. Campoy ; Alicia T. R. Acosta ; Laurence Affre (1969-) ; Rodolfo Barreiro ; Giuseppe Brundu ; Elise Buisson (1977-) ; Luís González ; Margarita Lema ; Ana Novoa ; Rubén Retuerto ; Sergio R. Roiloa ; Jaime Fagúndez Année de publication : 2018 Article en page(s) : 440-475 Langues : Anglais (eng) Catégories : [Géographique] Europe
[Thématique] Plantes subspontanées, naturalisées, envahissantes
Mots-clés : Carpobrotus edulis (L.) N.E. Br. in E.P. Philipps Carpobrotus acinaciformis (L.) L. Bolus Résumé : This report synthesizes all aspects of the taxonomy, distribution, history of introduction and spread, ecological constrains (including preferred climate, substratum and habitats), responses to biotic and abiotic factors, biology (including phenology, vegetative and reproductive biology), economic importance and human uses, ecological impacts, legislation and management of Carpobrotus N.E.Br. (Aizoaceae), a prominent invasive plant in Europe. Carpobrotus species are mat-forming trailing succulent perennial herbs native from South Africa, introduced in Europe for ornamental and soil stabilization purposes since the beginning of the seventeenth century, now widely naturalized on coastal habitats of southern and western Europe. C. acinaciformis and C. edulis are the main species recognized outside South Africa, together with their hybrids and potential hybrid swarms. Identification conflicts both in the native and invaded areas raise doubts on the taxonomy of these taxa, but hybridization processes may boost adaptive changes in the invaded range. The release of Carpobrotus in natural environments and protected areas is prohibited in several European countries, but this taxon is not included in the list of invasive species of Union concern. Carpobrotus is a pioneer of disturbed sites and coastal areas including cliffs and sand dune systems, due to its tolerance to stress factors such as salinity, drought and excess of light. Carpobrotus invasion ultimately affects patterns of native species diversity. Moreover, it has been recognized as a major driver of soil conditions shifts and soil geochemical processes disruptions, representing a serious threat for coastal habitats. Management plans for Carpobrotus must consider its high plasticity for morphological and ecophysiological traits, which may probably explain its tolerance to a wide range of ecological conditions. Its flexible mating systems, which represent an optimal strategy to facilitate local adaptation and habitat colonization, include ability to produce apomictic seeds, self-and cross-pollination, and an intense vegetative clonality. In addition, Carpobrotus produces a large seed bank with a moderate short-term persistence, and fruits are effectively dispersed by mammals. The most efficient control methods are physical removal and herbicide application on leaves, whereas integration of biological control with other conventional management methods are likely to be most effective. A long-term monitoring of control actions and restoration of soil conditions are needed to prevent recovering from clonal parts, seed bank or mammal faeces as well as potential new invasions by other opportunistic species Identifiant pérenne : DOI : 10.1080/23818107.2018.1487884
in Botany Letters > 165 (3-4) (12/2018) . - 440-475Campoy, J.G., Acosta, A.T.R., Affre, L., Barreiro, R., Brundu, G., Buisson, E., González, L., Lema, M., Novoa, A., Retuerto, R., Roiloa, S.R., Fagúndez, J., 2018 - Monographs of invasive plants in Europe: Carpobrotus ; Botany Letters, 165 (3-4) : 440-475.