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Auteur Jaanus Paal
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Vegetation classification and biogeography of European floodplain forests and alder carrs / Jan Douda in Applied vegetation science, 18 (11/2015)
Titre : Vegetation classification and biogeography of European floodplain forests and alder carrs Type de document : Électronique Auteurs : Jan Douda ; Karel Boublik ; Michal Slezak ; Idoia Biurrun ; Josef Nociar ; Alena Havrodová ; Jana Doudová ; Svetlana Acic ; Henri Brisse ; Jörg Brunet ; Milan Chytrý (1967-) ; Hugues Claessens ; János Csiky ; Yakiv Didukh ; Panayotis Dimopoulos ; Stefan Dullinger ; Una FitzPatrick ; Antoine Guisan (1966-) ; Peter J. Horchler ; Richard Hrivnák ; Ute Jandt ; Zygmunt Kącki ; Balázs Kevey ; Flavia Landucci ; Hugues Lecomte ; Jonathan Lenoir ; Jaanus Paal ; David Paternoster ; Harald Pauli ; Remigiusz Pielech ; John S. Rodwell ; Bart Roelandt ; Jens-Christian Svenning ; Jozef Šibík ; Urban Silc ; Zeljko Skvorc ; Ioannis Tsiripidis ; Rossen T. Tzonev ; Thomas Wohlgemuth ; Niklaus E. Zimmermann Année de publication : 2015 Article en page(s) : 17 p. Langues : Anglais (eng) Résumé : Aim: Formalized classifications synthesizing vegetation data at the continental scale are being attempted only now, although they are of key importance for nature conservation planning. Therefore, we aim to provide a vegetation classification and to describe the main biogeographical patterns of floodplain forests and alder carrs in Europe. Location: Europe. Methods: A database of more than 40 000 vegetation plots of floodplain forests and alder carrs across Europe was compiled. After geographic stratification, 16 392 plots were available for classification, which was performed using the supervised method Cocktail. We also searched for new associations using semi-supervised K- means classification. The main biogeographic patterns and climate-related gradients in species composition were determined using detrended correspondence analysis and cluster analysis. Results: Thirty associations of floodplain forests and alder carrs were distinguished, which belong to five alliances. The Alnion incanae includes riparian, seepage and hardwood floodplain forests in the nemoral and hemiboreal zones (dominated by Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior) and in the boreal zone (dominated by A. incana). The Osmundo-Alnion represents oceanic vegetation dominated by Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus angustifolia and F. excelsior distributed mostly on the Iberian Peninsula and composed of species with Atlantic distribution and Iberian endemics. The Populion albae comprises floodplain forests frequently dominated by Fraxinus angustifolia, Populus alba and P. nigra that are widespread in floodplains of large rivers under summer-dry climates in the Mediterranean region. The Platanion orientalis represents eastern Mediterranean floodplain forests dominated by Platanus orientalis. The Alnion glutinosae includes forest swamps dominated by Alnus glutinosa distributed mostly in the nemoral and hemiboreal zones. The main biogeographic patterns within European floodplain forests and alder carrs reflect the climatic contrasts between the Mediterranean, nemoral, boreal and mountain regions. Oceanic flood-plain forests differ from those in the rest of Europe. The hydrological regime appears to be the most important factor influencing species composition within regions. Conclusions: This study is the first applying a formalized classification at the association level for a broad vegetation type at the continental scale. The proposed classification provides the scientific basis for the necessary improvement of the habitat classification systems used in European nature conservation Lien pérenne : DOI : 10.1111/avsc.12201
in Applied vegetation science > 18 (11/2015) . - 17 p.Douda, J., Boublik, K., Slezak, M., Biurrun, I., Nociar, J., Havrodová, A., Doudová, J., Acic, S., Brisse, H., Brunet, J., Chytrý, M., Claessens, H., Csiky, J., Didukh, Y., Dimopoulos, P., Dullinger, S., FitzPatrick, U., Guisan, A., Horchler, PJ., Hrivnák, R., Jandt, U., Kącki, Z., Kevey, B., Landucci, F., Lecomte, H., Lenoir, J., Paal, J., Paternoster, D., Pauli, H., Pielech, R., Rodwell, JS., Roelandt, B., Svenning, J.C., Šibík, J., Silc, U., Skvorc, Z., Tsiripidis, I., Tzonev, RT., Wohlgemuth, T., Zimmermann, NE. 2015. Vegetation classification and biogeography of European floodplain forests and alder carrs. Applied vegetation science, 18: 17 p..